Peer-to-Peer (P2P)

What Is Peer-to-Peer (P2P)?

Peer-to-peer (P2P) is a type of network architecture in which each computer or node on the network acts as both a client and server. This means that any user can access resources from other users without having to go through a central server. P2P networks are decentralized, meaning there is no single point of control or failure, making them more resilient than traditional client/server architectures.

The most common use for P2P networks is file sharing, where users can share files with one another directly instead of downloading them from a centralized source such as an FTP site. Other applications include distributed computing projects like SETI@home and Folding@Home, online gaming services like Xbox Live and PlayStation Network, VoIP services like Skype and Discord, streaming media platforms such as Spotify and Netflix, cryptocurrency exchanges such as Bitcoin Core and Ethereum Classic, social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter, messaging apps like WhatsApp and Telegram, etc.

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